Rose, Wild - (Rosa spp.)

Common Name: Rose, Wild

Scientific Name: Rosa spp.

Family: Rose (Rosaceae)

Flower Color: Pink, white

Habitat: Thickets, roadsides, moist woods, field edges

General Bloom Dates: June - September

General Characteristics:
Roses are one of the most recognized flowers. The 5 petal pink or white flower, growing on a thorny, branched cane. Roses often have oval, serrated leaflets are another characteristic that separates this plant for others. After the flower has been pollinated, a "hip" or seed pod is produced, turning bright red or orange when ripe. The hips will remain on the branch throughout the winter.

Plant Lore:
Roses have been a symbol of love for centuries. To offer a dozen red roses to a significant other is a sign of true and enduring love. The language of love has been said with roses in modern society. For example; a single red rose means - I love you, a pink rose means - perfect happiness, a white rose is the symbol of purity, a yellow rose means - jealousy and a withered white rose means - you made no impression on me.
The word rose has taken on several different meanings throughout the development of the English language. For example; the term "rosary" in the Catholic church refers to the crown of roses or the garland of roses that were worn by the Virgin Mary. Some would also say that the term rosary comes from the Virgin Mary's garden, which was called a rosarium. The term rosette refers to a decoration that is meant to remind us of the rose. The word rose is also used to describe a reddish color. A compass rose is the pattern of the four directions when drawn out on a map. It is such a well known flower that the word has been used for many different meanings.
Roses are a favorite flower of gardeners as well. There are a variety of cultivated roses that have been developed and cultivated in gardens around the World. Cultivated roses have multiple petals that have been bred from the stamens. The wild rose will have only 5 petals. Roses that are sold as "nearly wild" at the green house will usually have the characteristic 5 petal flower and will also survive better in the colder climates.
The rose is England's national flower and is the State flower for Iowa, New York and North Dakota. It is also the official provincial flower of Alberta Canada.

Modern Uses of this Plant:
The petals on the rose are edible, although they taste better when candied in egg white and sugar. But the best treat comes from the rose hip. The hips are used commercially as a main ingredient in herbal teas, both for their flavor and for their nutritious supplement. You can also purchase rose hip jam from specialty health food stores. The rose hip is high in Vitamin C, some say there is as much Vitamin C in three rose hips as you would find in one orange, or one cup equals a dozen oranges.
Rose water is also a common derivative from the rose flower. The volatile oils from the petals is distilled out of the petals and collected. Common uses of "rose water" were as a medicine or in cosmetics. The volatile oils have a mildly astringent property that is used to tighten the skin, close the pores. Chinese herbalists used the rose flower to regulate the vital energy, for poor circulation, stomach aches, mastitis and dysentery.